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Grants

 

Grants and Federal Assistance

 

This information page, prepared by the Congressional Research Service for Members of Congress, gives guidance and key links to information on Federal Grants and non-financial assistance, as well as to private foundation funding.

 

How Best to Find Information

 

Find funding programs and learn how to write grant proposals:

 

 

Key Federal Funding Sources

 

Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance
The Catalog (CFDA), issued annually and updated continuously on the Web, describes some 1,400 federal grants and non financial assistance programs administered by the departments and agencies of the federal government. It helps grantseekers identify programs that meet specific objectives of their projects and is intended to improve coordination and communication between the federal government and state and local applicants for federal assistance.

 

Developing and Writing Grant Proposals (CFDA)
Guidance in formulating federal grant applications, including initial proposal development, basic components of a proposal, review recommendations, and referral to federal guidelines and literature.

 

Federal Agency Contacts in Region/State (CFDA Appendix IV)
Much of the federal grant budget moves to the states through formula and block grants -- state, regional, and local federal offices often handle grants applications and funds disbursement. Each federal agency has its own procedures: if the CFDA program description refers to a state or regional Information Contact as listed in Appendix IV, constituents/applicants should contact the federal department or agency office listed here before applying for funding to obtain the most up-to-date information.

 

State Single Points of Contact (CFDA)
Under Executive Order 12372 of 1962, federal grants applicants may be required to submit a copy of their application for state government level review and comment. The state offices listed here coordinate government (both federal and state) grants development and provide guidance to grants seekers.

 

CFDA in Print (Government Printing Office, GSA)
Although the Catalog is available full-text on the Internet, some may prefer a print edition. However, only the Web Catalog is continuously updated-- the published volume is annual with no supplements.

 

Related Federal Resources

 

Official Federal Government Web Sites
To better develop a grant proposal, search a department or agency's Home Page to learn more about its programs and objectives. Some government departments or agencies have Web pages specifically designed for grant seekers (see below).

 

Los Sitios Web Federales en Espanol (Oklahoma Department of Libraries)
[http://www.odl.state.ok.us/usinfo/topiclists/us-spanish.htm]
Federal Websites in Spanish describing programs of key U.S. Government Departments and Agencies, including Commerce, Small Business Administration, Education, Health and Human Services, Housing and Urban Development, Interior, Treasury, Veterans Affairs, Environmental Protection Agency, Federal Communications Commission, and Federal Emergency Management Agency.

 

Grants.gov (Dept. of Health and Human Services)
[http://www.grants.gov]
A pilot site for the federal government's E-Grants initiative (FedBizOps) which will provide potential grant applicants with a single location for finding federal funding opportunities, applying for and managing federal grants, as well as facilitating "the quality, coordination, effectiveness and efficiency of operations for grant makers and grant recipients."

 

U.S. Business Advisor [http://www.business.gov/]
Small Business Administration Web page intended to provide business with one-stop access to federal government information, services, and transactions. Covers business development, laws and regulations, international trade, work place issues, and buying and selling.

 

Government Gateway (for State and Local Governments)
[http://www.firstgov.gov/Government/State_Local/Grants.shtml]
Thousands of grants and loans are made by the federal government to state and local governments and other public entities. This site provides one-stop access to Grants Management and Federal Assistance Programs, in addition to resources about Acquisition and Procurement, Financial Management and Taxes.

 

U.S. Government Nonprofit Gateway Links to federal department and agency information and services to assist nonprofit organizations. Examples:

 

 

Federal Register (National Archives)
TheFederal Register, printed each business day, publishes updates and notices affecting federal assistance programs. Scroll down to check current year; scroll down further to enter Catalog program number, or subject/keyword "AND CFDA" in Search Terms box.

 

Federal Funding Report (House Information Resources)
Weekly compilation of items published in the Federal Register which affect federal domestic assistance programs. The summary consists of three parts: (1) Federal Register Summary, (2) Early Warning Grants Report, and (3) Disaster Loan Applications.

 

OMB Grants Management Web Site(Office of Management & Budget)
[http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/grants/index.html]
OMB establishes government-wide grants management policies and guidelines through circulars and common rules. OMB Circulars are cited in Catalog program descriptions: some program descriptions on the Internet version of the Catalog link directly to OMB Circulars required for program management, others just give OMB Circular numbers which may then be printed from this Web site.

 

 

Private and Corporate Funding Sources

 

The Foundation Center [http://www.foundationcenter.org/]
Gateway to information about private funding sources (including national, state, community, and corporate foundations), the grantseeking process, guidelines on writing a grant proposal, addresses of state libraries with grants reference collections, and links to other useful Internet Web sites. The Center maintains a comprehensive database on foundations, produces print, Web, and CD-ROM directories and guides, conducts research and publishes studies in the field, and offers a variety of training and educational seminars.

  • Proposal Writing Online "Short Course" on developing a good grant proposal.
  • Foundation Finder Search by name for address and basic information about the more than 61,000 private and community foundations in the U.S. Includes links to IRS filings and foundation Web sites.
  • Foundation Center Cooperating Collections, listings by state Free funding information centers in libraries, community foundations, and other nonprofit resource centers that provide a core collection of Foundation Center publications and a variety of supplementary materials and services in areas useful to grant seekers.

 

Grantsmanship Center (TGCI) [http://www.tgci.com/]
In addition to useful links to government resources, this site includes information on community foundations and international funding. Community Foundations (by state) are often particularly interested in local projects and maintain diverse grants programs. TGCI also offers publications, training, and workshops in proposal writing, grantsmanship, and fund raising for nonprofit organizations and government.

 

 

Additional Sources

 

Federal Funds Expre$$ (House Information Resources)
[http://www.house.gov/ffr/Grants_Other.htm]
This resource page, compiled for congressional offices, covers public and private Web links under a variety of funding categories, including:

  • Where to Find Federal Grants
  • How to Apply for Grants
  • Help with Managing the Grant Process
  • Foundations
  • Nonprofit Charitable Organizations
  • Corporate Charitable Giving
  • Small Business Resources
  • International Trade & Development
  • State & Local Govt. Funding Resources
  • Disaster Assistance
  • Money for College
  • Scholarships - Specific Fields of Study
  • Internships/Summer Employment
  • Computers for Schools and Communities
  • Other Educational Resources
  • Surplus & Unclaimed Property
  • Consumer Protection
  • Demographic and Statistical Resources
  • Other Helpful Resources

 

Geographic Tracking of Federal Funds:
Two U.S. Census Bureau publications are the federal government's primary printed documents detailing the geographic distribution of federal monies to States, Counties, and Congressional Districts.

 

Federal Aid to States (FAS) U.S. Dept. of Census
[http://www.census.gov/prod/www/abs/fas.html]
FAS details actual expenditures of federal grant funds to state and local governments only. Figures are presented to the state level by program area and agency.

 

Consolidated 
Federal Funds Report (CFFR)

U.S. Dept. of Census

[http://www.census.gov/govs/www/cffr.html] In CFFR, grants generally
represent obligations and include payments both to state and local governments
and to nongovernmental recipients. Data are provided for state and county levels.

 

 

 

Merete F. Gerli x77109Grants and Federal Domestic Assistance
Guidance and key resources to help eligible grantseekers find information on federal grants, loans, and nonfinancial assistance for projects, as well as on private funding. Prepared by the Congressional Research Service for Members of Congress, updated May 2012.
 
How Best to Find Information
Key Federal Funding Sources
Related Federal Sources
Private and Corporate Funding
 
How Best to Find Information
TOP
Find out Who is Eligible for a Grant? Other government websites may be more suitable for personal needs, student loans, small business assistance , or other business opportunities such as government contracting. The website Government Benefits, Grants, and Financial Aid may also be of help.
If eligible, search for program information in the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA). Includes grants, loans, business and nonfinancial help.
Contact federal office given in CFDA program description: if state or local office is indicated, check Regional Agency Offices at top of CFDA website for addresses.
Go to federal websites given in each CFDA program description for more information and for state administering agencies responsible for managing these programs.
Check current federal grants opportunities at Grants.gov, obtain a Dun and Bradstreet ( DUNS) number, register with Central Contractor Registration (CCR), and apply online (links and instructions given at the website). Additional notices appear at FedConnect.net.
Search foundations for project funding: use the Foundation Center Web site or Foundation Center Cooperating Collections in libraries to identify national, state, and community foundations.
Learn how to write grant proposals: follow CFDA’s Developing and Writing Grant Proposals, or take the free online Foundation Center Proposal Writing Short Course.
 
Key Federal Funding Sources
TOP
Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance
Grants.gov
State Single Points of Contact
CFDA in Local Libraries
Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (General Services Administration)
The Catalog (CFDA), issued annually and updated continuously on the Web, describes some 1600 federal grants and non financial assistance programs. Grantseekers can identify programs that might support their projects and can learn the program’s objectives, requirements, application procedures and contacts. For current notices of funding availability, see Grants.gov or FedConnect.net.
 
Grants.gov (managed by Dept. of Health and Human Services)
Federal website that allows eligible grantseekers (see Who is Eligible for a Grant?) to find and apply for current competitive grant opportunities from ALL federal agencies. Grantseekers can check on notices of funding availability (NOFA) posted in the last 7 days; access an RSS feed of grant opportunities; and apply for federal grants through a unified process by downloading the application and submitting online. The website guides grantseekers in obtaining a Dun and Bradstreet (DUNS) number and registering with Central Contractor Registration (CCR) and registering with Grants.gov to apply and to track applications. For full federal program descriptions, see CFDA below. See also website FedConnect.net for additional grants and contracts opportunities.
 
State Single Points of Contact’  (Office of Management and Budget)
Under Executive Order 12372, some states require federal grants applicants to submit a copy of their application for state government level review and comment. The state offices listed here coordinate federal financial assistance and may direct federal development. For help in identifying state-level grants, other state government agencies websites may be found at: State and Local Agencies by Topic.
 
CFDA in Local Libraries (Government Printing Office)
Although the Catalog is available full-text on the Internet, some may prefer a print edition. However, only the Web Catalog is continuously updated. The published volume is annual with no supplements. The Catalog is available in all states in Federal Depository Libraries.
 
 
Related Federal Resources
TOP
A-Z Index Departments & Agencies
Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
Homeland Security Grants
USA.gov for Business
USA.gov for Nonprofits
Student Aid on the Web
GovBenefits.gov
FTC Consumer Alert
OMB Circulars
A-Z Index of U.S. Departments and Agencies (General Services Administration)
To better develop a grant proposal, search a department or agency’s Home Page to learn more about its programs and objectives. The site USA.gov also links to Government Benefits, Grants and Financial Aid.
 
Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Department of Energy)
Grants are EERE’s primary funding vehicle for businesses, industries, universities and others. Most EERE grants are awarded on merit on a competitive basis. EERE financial assistance opportunities are listed in the Financial Opportunities by Audience database and on Grants.gov or FedConnect.net. For state-by-state information on state, local. utility, and federal incentives that promote renewable energy and energy efficiency, search DSIRE (Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency).
 
Homeland Security Open for Business -- Grants (Dept. of Homeland Security)
Most Homeland Security non-disaster grant programs are designated for state and local governments and specific entities such as colleges, etc. Unsolicited applications from individuals are generally not accepted. Includes Urban Area Security Initiative, Citizens Corps, Medical Response System, Operation Stonegarden (border security), Infrastructure Protection.   Contact homeland security State Offices. Programs for firefighters may be found at Assistance to Firefighters.
 
USA.gov for Business (GSA)
Includes contracting with the U.S. government, international trade and exporting, and small business. See also financial assistance links at the Small Business Administration website.
 
USA.gov for Nonprofits (GSA)
Links to federal department and agency information and service for nonprofit organizations, including fundraising and outreach, grants, loans and other assistance, laws and regulations, management and operations, online services, registration and licensing, and tax information. The White House Office of Faith-based and Neighborhood Initiatives includes information on Grants and Resources
 
Student Aid on the Web (Dept. of Education)
Information on funding education beyond high school, including grants, loans, and work-study assistance to qualified students.
 
GovBenefits.gov (via Department of Labor)
Includes information on over 1,000 government assistance programs, and how to apply. Covers direct payment, loan, insurance, training, or other services.
 
FTC Consumer Alert (Federal Trade Commission)
The FTC warns consumers to beware of paying "processing fees" for information that is available free to the public. Ads claiming federal grants are available for home repairs, home business, unpaid bills, or other personal expenses are often a scam.
 
OMB Grants Management Web Site (Office of Management and Budget)
OMB establishes government-wide grants management policies and guidelines through circulars and common rules.  OMB Circulars  are cited in Catalog program descriptions and may be printed out fulltext.
 
 
Private & Corporate Funding Sources
TOP
The Foundation Center
Gateway to information about private funding sources, the grant seeking process, guidelines on writing a grant proposal, addresses of state libraries with grants reference collections, and links to other useful Internet websites. The Center maintains a comprehensive database on foundations; produces print and electronic directories and guides; conducts research and publishes studies in the field; and offers a variety of training and educational seminars.
 
Welcome Legislators and Policy Makers Covers policy development, constituent services, and other helpful nonprofit resources.
Guide to Funding Research An overview of the funding research process for those seeking grants from foundations, corporations, and grantmaking public charities.
Proposal Writing Short Course (also in Spanish, French and other languages)
Foundation Finder Search for information about more than 70,000 private and community foundations.
Requests for Proposals Daily postings of requests for proposals (RFPs) from private funding sources by broad subject category.
Foundation Center Cooperating Collections Free funding information available in libraries, community foundations, and other nonprofit centers nationwide, including access to the Foundation Directory Online database.
Grant Resources by State (Grantsmanship Center)
Click on state map to find links to information about a state’s foundations, community foundations, corporate giving programs and the state’s home page.
 
Merete F. Gerli x77109
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